Periodontitis, commonly called gum disease or periodontal disease, starts with growth of bacteria in the mouth and if not properly treated may end with tooth loss due to damage of the tissue that surrounds the teeth.
Gingivitis or Gum inflammation generally go in front of periodontitis or gum disease. It is to note primarily that all gingivitis do not progress to periodontitis.
In this pre gingivitis stage, the bacteria in plaque buildup, causing the gum line to recede and thereby easily bleed while brushing. The teeth are still solidly rooted in their sockets, although gums are felt irritated. No bone loss or other tissue damage has occurred at this gingivitis stage.
The negligence at this stage can proceed to periodontitis. The inner layer of the gum and bone are seen pulled away from the teeth to form ‘pockets’ in a periodontitis affected person. The small spaces (pockets) invite debris to lodge and become infected. The plaque further grows even below the gum line, while the immune system of the body fights the bacteria.
Plaque is the main cause of periodontal (gum) disease. However, some other factors also can contribute to gum disease. These includes: HORMONAL CHANGES, ILLNESSES SUCH as CANCER, HIV, BLOOD SUGAR, MEDICATIONS, BAD HABITS LIKE SMOKING ETC.